The Oeresund Fixed Link, Denmark - Sweden
The Outstanding Structure Awards of IABSE were presented by Dr Manabu Ito, President of IABSE, on September 10, 2002, in Melbourne, Australia. The Award Ceremony took place on the occasion of the Annual Meetings of IABSE.
The Award recognises the most remarkable, innovative, creative or otherwise stimulating structures completed within the last few years. It consists of a Diploma each for the Engineer, the Architect, the Contractor, and the Owner, as well as a plaque to be fixed to the winning structure, at a special ceremony. The Outstanding Structure Award Committee, chaired by Mr Loring A. Wyllie, USA, selected three structures in 2002: The Miho Museum Bridge, Japan; The Stade de France Paris, France; The Oeresund Fixed Link, Denmark - Sweden.
The Oeresund Fixed Link, Denmark - Sweden, receives the Award for being "a major piece of infrastructure, recognised for its innovative planning, design, contracting and construction management". The Diploma is presented to the Owner Oeresundbro Konsortiet, the Structural Engineers and Consultants ASO Group and The Oeresund Link Consultants the Contractors SundlinkContractors and the Oeresund Tunnel Contractors.
The Oeresund Fixed Link was inaugurated on July 1, 2000, by Queen Margareth II, of Denmark, and King Carl-Gustaf XVI, of Sweden. The Oeresund Link, comprising the bridge, the island, the tunnel and the earthworks on both sides - is not merely a major engineering feat. This historical project is also remarkable for having been completed on schedule, within budget fulfilling strict environmental requirements.
The total stretch between Denmark and Sweden, now connected by a fixed link, is 16 km. The bridge itself is 7.8 km long. With its cables arranged in a classic harp shape, the cable-stayed bridge across the Flint Channel is the most characteristic part of the link. It is the largest cable-stayed bridge for trains and cars in the world. The bridge has two decks - a concrete deck for a four-lane motorway and lower deck in a steel construction for the double-track railway. The artificial island was built by dredged material and is 4 km long and has an area of 1.3 sq. km. The tunnel has two rail tubes, two motorway tubes, and a service tube, which can be used as an escape route. The tunnel under Oeresund is 4 km long, consisting of a 3.5 km immersed tunnel with two portal buildings.